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Is it a number or a
sum of money?
Firstly, the last i digit in any series of is will invariably be rendered a j, e.g.: ij = 2, vj = 6, xiij = 13.
Secondly, numbers like 4 (iv) and 9 (ix) are just as likely to be rendered iiij and viiij. So: xiiij = 14, and viiij = 9.
Other Roman numerals frequently used are: L (= 50) and C (= 100). But note that a contraction mark was often written after the C ( e.g. C/ ) to represent the Latin word Centus.
Also, look out for the use of a superscript XX to represent a 'score' (20), particularly in combination with other Roman numerals, e.g.: C/ iij xx iiij = 164 (i.e. C/ = 100, iijxx = 'three score' = 60, and iiij = 4).
Sums of money
Sums of money usually appear as abbreviations for pounds, shillings and pence. These abbreviations are normally written superscript (that is, above the other writing in that line of text) in the form:
lb or li (with a stroke through it) signifying the
Latin word libra (meaning 'pounds');
The example below transcribed reads Lxvij li vj s viij d: that is, '67 pounds, 6 shillings and 8 pence'.
Remember that a good way to spot numerals is when the last i is rendered as a j, for example iij = 3.
For more detailed information on numbers go to the Numbers section of the manual.
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